1. Enzymatic activity as a popular parameter used to determine the quality of the soil environment – Karolina Furtak, Anna Gałązka
In the soil environment, there are many enzymes whose origin is related to microorganisms. Enzymes participate in the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, they are also elements of the carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles. They also play a role in less known cycles, such as the sulphur cycle or cellulose decomposition. Determination of soil enzymes activity is very popular in microbiology, biochemistry and agricultural sciences. Their activity may be a measure of soil fertility. The present report describes the importance of selected soil enzymes and the methods of their determination. However, it is important to remember that a single enzyme cannot be an indicator of the environment. The enzymatic activity is sensitive to many natural and anthropogenic factors affecting soil microorganisms. Only comprehensive researchers on the activity of many, different enzymes can provide reliable information on the state of the soil environment.
Keywords: enzymatic activity, microorganisms, soil environment, soil parameters, soil quality, quality indicators